What is Shading
Let’s put it simply, shading is a technique to create a 3-dimensional appearance on a 2 dimension visual image (like picture or photo). This is done by darkening a specific part of an object, and/or lbrightening other parts of the photo. Creating an impression of shadows on the object. Thus, making an object on a drawing appear 3d.
Try drawing a circle. Of
It is an important technique if you into
In this article, we won’t learn about shading technique (capturing nor post-processing), since it’s the easy thing. Instead, we will learn the hard thing, about how to properly plan a great shading onto the image so it appears great and realistic.
Shading scheme is a systematic plan for create the appearance of lights and shadows into an object or more in a photo. This is done by darkening and/or brightening a certain part of an object on a photo with post-processing technique (like dodge and burn), so the object appear more 3 dimensional.
Of course, we can’t just randomly applied lights or shadows randomly. Which will make the photo appear weird, and unnatural, or the worse, destructive. That is why we need to create a plan before actually doing so. Imagine shading scheme like a blueprint. Instead of for creating building, the scheme is for creating shading.
How to Create a Shading Scheme for Black and White Architecture Fine Art Photography
For this will use Photoshop. Basically, we will just create a rough drawing on the photo while imagining how the object appears on the photo.
To create a realistic shading, all we need to do is to answer this question:
Which part of the object should the shadows and lights to be appear?
The answer is actually simple:
Just follow the lights.
Learn how natural lights naturally work and it will just easy peasy
1. Where’s the Lights come from?
To do this, just take a look at your photo and look at the brightest part of your photo. Use post-processing software (Lightroom or Photoshop) to do it easier. Normally it will be on the top part of the photo, depending on the sun’s position at the time.
If you can’t figure it out. Another way is to just make it up. For example, I can just increase the brightness of the upper right side of the photo in post-processing, to make it the brightest part of the photo. Thus, make it appear like the sun is on the upper right side of the photo.
2. How is the Light affecting the object?
The main point of knowing where’s the sun and where’s the lights directed to is to know how the lights will affecting the photo. To know this, just follow these points.
1. The nearest part of the object from the lights is the brightest.
2. The farthest part of the object from the lights is the darkest.
Take a look at the photo below.
Based on the position of the building from the camera, let’s call the RIGHT side as the part of the object that directly facing the lights and the FRONT side as the part of the object that isn’t directly facing the lights.
If we see the photo, we can see that the RIGHT should be the brightest since its the nearest part of the object to the lights come from. It’s especially more so, since the RIGHT also facing the lights directly.
The FRONT is the farther part of the object from the lights. Thus, it should be appear more darker. Even more so since it doesn’t directly facing the lights.
In addition, I recommend the following:
1. Remember to determine the bright and dark part of the photo for each object or building in the photo.
2. Pay attention to each edge of the object.
But sometime there are building that has no edges, or at least doesn’t appear on the photo. Instead of edge, it show curve. Contrasting the dark and bright of each part of the building will be bad. So instead, make it gradually. Start by the brightest on the part nearest to the lights from, then gradually darken and darken it the farther the part of the building is.
Let’s try another photo.